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106年進口量異常預警監測機制
類別:研究分析報告
出版品名稱:106年進口量異常預警監測機制
研 究 人 員:楊秀玲,壽邇琪,李美芝,曾毓雯
出 版 年 月:201712
頁數:307
關 鍵 字:進口量異常,預警監測,Abnormal imports, warning system
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摘要
本年度主要工作內容有三:1.配合行政院「因應貿易自由化產業調整支援方案」(及其法制化之「因應貿易自由化調整支援條例」)相關工作;2.維護與更新「貿易救濟預警監測系統」,並對外提供查詢功能;3.其它配合性工作。工作內容重點詳列如下:

(一)配合行政院「因應貿易自由化產業調整支援方案」(及其法制化之「因應貿易自由化調整支援條例」)相關工作
1.針對區域貿易協定之「關稅調降產品清單」我方關稅減讓項目,每月監測進口量異常增加情形。
2.針對資訊科技協定擴大(ITA expansion)我方關稅減讓項目,每月監測進口量異常增加情形,並於106年3月召開之「貿易自由化受衝擊產業審議會議」提報溯自105年5月ITA擴大協定生效月份起之監測結果。
3.針對進口量異常增加項目,以問卷調查相關之產業公(協)會及廠商意見。
4.研提106年1月至12月之「可能受進口衝擊產品清單」。
5.配合貿調會召開之「貿易自由化受衝擊產業審議會議」,依本機制提供會議相關資料及說明,包括受衝擊產品清單、進口情形及產業概況(例如蒐集該產業受衝擊資料或相關經濟因素)。另協助提供會議幕僚作業,如彙整會議紀錄、決議事項之處理及後續追蹤及說明等。
6.視貿調會要求檢討及修正本機制,包括「進口量異常增加之認定標準」以及問卷內容。

(二) 維護與更新貿調會現有「貿易救濟預警監測系統」,並對外提供查詢功能
1.持續維護與更新「進口統計資料庫」,包括中國大陸進口貨品量價查詢。
2.持續維護與更新「區域貿易協定降稅產品進口資料庫」,其項下除「兩岸ECFA降稅產品資料庫」及「與我國簽署區域貿易協定國家降稅產品資料庫」外,另新增「ITA擴大協定降稅產品進口資料庫」,提供「ITA擴大協定降稅產品之進口量、價異常警示資料查詢」及「ITA擴大協定降稅產品之進口量趨勢變動圖」。
3.調整「預警監測機制監測結果」,其項下包括:「區域貿易協定降稅產品每月監測結果」、「ITA擴大協定降稅產品每月監測結果」、「降稅產品每季監測結果」、「課徵反傾銷稅產品每季監測結果」及「進口量異常預警監測機制季報」。
4.每月/季將監測結果以圖表方式建置於「貿易救濟預警監測系統」以供查詢,並寄送電子報予相關產業公(協)會及廠商參考。
5.視貿調會要求提供特定產品項目或來源國之特定期間量/價監測情形。
(三)其他
1.配合貿調會提供案件調查相關統計數據。
2.進行滿意度調查:以問卷調查方式,對經常使用本預警系統資料庫者,進行滿意度調查。
3.視需要提供資料庫使用瀏覽人次統計。

There are three main parts to this year’s work:
1.Cooperate with the Executive Yuan's "Program for Trade Liberalization Industry Adjustment and Support Program" and legalization of “Adjustment and Support Regulations in Response to Trade Liberalization "
2. Maintain and update the "Trade Relief Early Warning Monitoring System" and provide an external inquiry function
3. Other cooperative work
The focus of the work is as follows:
1. Cooperate with the Executive Yuan's "Program for Trade Liberalization Industry Adjustment and Support" (and the legalization of “Adjustment and Support Regulations in Response to Trade Liberalization.")
i. Each month, monitor any unusual increase in imports for the Tariff Reduction Products List from our regional trade agreements for the tariff concession project.
ii. In view of the ITA expansion on our tariff concession project, we monitored monthly abnormal increases in imports and reported back to the "Trade Liberalization Industries Impact Review Meeting" held in March 2017, and monitored results from the month, May 2016, in which the ITA Expansion Agreements came into effect.
iii. Where there is abnormal increase in imports of items, survey the relevant industry (or professional association) and obtain manufacturers’ views.
iv. Review the list of "products possibly subject to impact from imports" from January to December 2017.
v. Cooperate with the International Trade Commission (ITC) to hold a "Trade Liberalization Industry Impact Review Meeting", and provide the meeting with relevant information and explanations, including the list of products impacted, the import situation and industry profile (for example, collecting information on the impact on the industry or its related economic factors). Also assist in the provision of conference aides and assistance, such as meeting minutes, handling of resolutions, follow-up and briefings, etc.
vi. As required by the ITC, review and amendment this mechanism, including "the accreditation criteria for abnormal increase in imports" and the content of the questionnaire.

2. Maintain and update "Trade Relief Early Warning Monitoring System" and provide an external inquiry function
i. Maintain and update the "Import Statistics Database", including information on the volume and price of goods imported from China.
ii. Continue to maintain and update the "Regional Trade Agreement Tariff Reduction Products Import Database" together with its "Cross-Strait ECFA Tariff Reduction Products Database" and the "ROC regional trade agreements for Tariff Reduction Products Database ". In addition, newly create an "ITA Expanded Agreement Import Tax Reduction Products Database" providing "ITA Expanded Agreement on Tariff Reduction imported products abnormal price alert information inquiry" and a "volume import trends in ITA Expansion Agreement Tariff reduction products".
iii. To adjust items in the "Results of early warning monitoring mechanism" including "Monthly monitoring results of tariff reduction products under the RTA", "Results of monthly monitoring of tariff reduction products under the ITA Expansion Agreement"; "Quarterly monitoring results of tariff reduction products "; "Collection of results of quarterly monitoring of anti-dumping duty products" and "Quarterly report on the monitoring mechanism for abnormal imports."
iv. Using charts, show monthly / quarterly monitoring results for the "Trade Relief Early Warning Monitoring System" for inquiries and e-mail to the relevant industry associations and manufacturers for reference.
v. As requested by the ITC, offer monitoring information on designated products or the volume / price of a country’s products for a specific time period.
3. Other
i. Cooperate with the ITC to provide statistics related to case investigations.
ii. Undertake satisfaction surveys: using questionnaires given to those who regularly use the early warning system database.
iii. As necessary, provide database-use statistics.
目錄
 第一章  緒論
 第一節   計畫緣起及目的 1-1
 第二節   計畫範圍與內容 1-4
 第三節   工作方法與預期效益 1-7
 第二章  配合「貿易自由化後進口量增加之產業監測機制」執行情形
 第一節 進口量異常增加產品清單 2-2
 第二節 進口量異常產品清單之問卷調查結果 2-16
 第三節 「貿易自由化受衝擊產業審議會議」之執行情形 2-29
 第三章  區域貿易協定降稅產品進口變化概況
 第一節 區域貿易協定降稅產品整體進口概況 3-1
 第二節   區域貿易協定進口量異常產品監測結果          3-30
 第三節   課徵反傾銷稅產品之進口變化分析 3-96
 第四章  「貿易救濟預警監測系統」網站資料庫之維護與更新
 第一節 網站資料庫之內容介紹與維護更新 4-1
 第二節 網站資料庫之訊息發送 4-22
 第三節 特定產品項目或來源國之量價監測 4-26
 第五章    結論與建議
 第一節 結論        5-1
 第二節 建議        5-6
  
 附錄
 附錄1 早期收獲清單與經濟部工業產品分類對照表 附-1
 附錄2 預警燈號初步判斷標準模型 附-9
 附錄3 區域貿易協定對廠商之影響問卷調查 附-19
 附錄4 早收清單進口量異常產品清單彙整表(100年1月~102年11月) 附-25
 附錄5 106年度「貿易救濟預警監測系統」滿意度調查 附-35
 附錄6 臺巴經濟合作協定我方降稅之工業產品 附-50
 附錄7 106年度「進口量異常預警監測機制」期中、期末報告審查意見回覆表 附-52
 
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